Lista Paleo-Balkanskih jezikov   (iz Wikipedije)
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Paleo-Balkan languages

The Paleo-Balkan languages is a geolinguistic concept referring to the Indo-European languages that were spoken in the Balkans in ancient times. Except for Greek and the language that gave rise to Albanian (see below), they are all extinct, due to Hellenization (in the south), Romanization (in the north), and due to the later .


  • Thraco-Illyrian
    • Dacian language
    • Thracian language
    • Illyrian languages
    • Messapic language (spoken in Italy, but belongs to the Paleo-Balkan group)
  • Paeonian language
  • Proto-Greek language
    • Ancient Greek
    • Phrygian language (spoken in Anatolia, but belongs to the Paleo-Balkan group)
    • Ancient Macedonian language
  • Venetic language, Liburnian language
Paleo-Balkan Languages
once the Balkans

Because of the fragmentary evidence from the extinct languages, particularly Illyrian, it is not known how closely related these languages were, i.e., whether they belonged to a common branch of the Indo-European language family or merely a . When a closer linguistic relationship is assumed, the extinct languages are referred to as Thraco-Illyrian. Albanian may have evolved from Daco-Thracian or Thraco-Illyrian but neither proposal has been proven, although there is some evidence and continuity that is widely considered plausible (see ).

Substratum words of Paleo-Balkan origin are found in Romanian, and to a lesser extent, in South Slavic languages.

PAGE AUTHOR's COMMENT - The last statement above is total nonsense:
Romanian language evolved only after the late periods of antiquity. It has absolutely no prehistoric roots only those that can be found in the languages of the constituent ethnic groups, mostly Slavic and ethnically mixed Roman soldiers.

No language from the Balkans is known. Associated to this fact are speculations that the Balkans may have been the or perhaps a »secondary Urheimat« of Indo-European, e.g. in Renfrew's which assumes a secondary Urheimat in the Balkans around 5000 BC.

A possible pre-Indo-European phylum in the Balkans may have corresponded to the , attested in the form of a single inscription in the .






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